Triguna Yoga - Holistic Healing Center

The Tri Gunas are the basic components of a human mind. They essentially describe the human mind’s energy levels. these three energy levels ‘sattva’, ‘rajas’, and ‘tamas’ are present in every human being in varying degrees resulting in different behavioral pattern and energy levels. To define a human being based on these ‘gunas’ it is necessary to understand each one of them.
i) Sattva guna – Sattva is ranked highest among the three gunas as it represents knowledge and intellect. It gives rise to positive emotions, happiness, kindness, and balance.
ii) Rajas guna – Rajas guna controls action and motion. It is the source of physical energy and provides strength to the human body.
iii) Tamas guna – Tamas guna is connected with negativity. It gives rise to negative emotions like lethargy, rudeness, and ignorance.
Every human mind has a presence of these three emotions and their combination is unique. Based on this combination a human mind is shaped and defined. Each of these three ‘gunas’ is powerful enough to suppress the other two for supremacy. When ‘sattva’ becomes supreme a human being becomes knowledgeable and intelligent. A positive attitude is distinctly visible in him and materialistic pleasures do not elate him. A human mind driven by ‘sattva guna’ loves living in simplicity and is identified by a kind and considerate attitude.
Minds controlled by ‘rajas guna’ seek materialistic well being and are easily identified by their love for power and money. They could be selfish in protecting their own interests. They love the luxurious lifestyle and are self-centred. Excess of ‘rajas guna’ gives rise to greed and conflict.
‘Tamas guna’ is represented by a total lack of order and respect for other beings. Recklessness and inactivity are identifications of human minds controlled by ‘tamas guna’. Cruelty, hatred, and lack of control on emotions are manifestations of this characteristic.
Tri Gunas as regulators of human mind
As these ‘gunas’ control human mind they play a pivotal role in determining human actions and choices. Professions, lifestyle, nature, and attitude towards others are all guided by these ‘gunas’. Generally, ‘sattvic’ qualities are of the highest order and those controlled by it are well-mannered, empathetic, broad minded and co-operative. ‘Rajasik’ people are pleasure-loving and have a weakness for money and materials. Humans that are ‘tamasik’ have a negative attitude, are insensitive, and represent decay.
Human beings who are capable of transcending these ‘gunas’ stays unfettered and undisturbed. The person who is capable of controlling all these ‘gunas’ or could rise above them stays clam both in pain and pleasure. Criticism or praise does not affect him, and he neither has friends nor foes.